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Marine WATERs - Western Australia - Teacher Education Resources Government of Western Australia

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Lesson Plans

Un-fantastic Plastic

Students will research and define the term marine debris, understand the consequences associated with plastics in the marine environment and develop practical solutions either at school or in the field to address the problem.

Commercial Rock Lobster

Students will learn how research on the Western rock lobster contributes to the management of the fishery.

Fishing for the Future

Students will explore the management of recreational fisheries in Western Australia and interpret local rules and regulations using Fisheries’ resources.

Meet the Cast

Students will explore the diversity of Western Australia’s marine invertebrate animals.

Amazing Artemia

This series of lessons is designed to complement the Sea Monkey Science activity run by the Department of Fisheries Community and Education Team. Students will learn about Artemia (also called brine shrimp or sea monkeys), their biology and why they

Rainbow Fish: Ocean Zones

Students will learn about the different zones in the ocean and how organisms adapt to survive in these environments.

Who Lives Where?

Students will study the most important marine habitats of Western Australia and their inhabitants.

Excursion: Getting to Know Your Reef

Students will participate in a field excursion to investigate their local temperate or coral reef ecosystem.

Habitat Protectors

Students will investigate the role seagrass meadows play in providing an important nearshore habitat for marine organisms. They will also identify risks to the integrity of seagrass communities and investigate improved management strategies.

Coral Reefs

Students will investigate the formation and biology of coral reefs and the diversity of life they support. Students will also understand threats to the health of coral reefs.

Inhabiting Intertidal Rocky Shores

Students will learn about the rocky intertidal zone, the organisms that live there and the challenges they face to survive. The presentations 'Inhabiting the Intertidal' and 'The Intertidal Zone: a reef platform' relate to this lesson plan.

Exposing Erosion

Students will investigate coastal erosion, what factors increase erosion and find possible solutions to coastal erosion. The presentation 'Examples of Coastal Erosion' is a related resource for this Lesson Plan.

Ocean Bingo

Students will learn about their favourite marine creatures through pictures, photographs and real life samples of marine life found in Western Australian waters. Learning is reinforced through playing the bingo game to complete the lesson. The presentation 'Who am I?'

Investigating Earth

In this series of lessons, students will learn the composition of the Earth, tectonic plates, convection inside the Earth, mid-ocean ridges and seafloor spreading.

Excursion: Intertidal Investigation

Students will study a reef platform, to identify organisms living on the platform, and provide reasoning as to their distribution.


Students will study the sustainability of the marine environment in an integrated literacy program, centred around the reading and comprehension of the books ‘Blueback’ and ‘The Deep’, written by Western Australian author Tim Winton.

Exceptional Expositions

In this series of lessons, students will read a variety of different articles that have been published in Western Fisheries and use this information to construct an exposition that encourages the protection of the marine environment.

Sex in the Sea

Students learn about the importance of reproduction and explore how aquatic animals have a diverse range of reproductive strategies to increase the chances of survival for their species. 

Sharing a Shell

Students will use the book Sharing a Shell by Julia Donaldson to learn about rock pools and symbiotic relationships in the marine environment.

Light Up Our Oceans

Students will understand how light affects the biology and ecology of marine life.

Marine Mapping

Students will use maps of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and analyse the percentage of the different areas within the map to the total protected area.

Pest Control

Students will identify significant introduced marine species and investigate the impact to marine ecosystems and human infrastructure, specifically to Western Australia.

What's My Age Again?

Students discover the process where fish otoliths are extracted and analysed to determine the age of the fish. Students will practice ageing fish using photographs of black bream sectioned otoliths and Australian herring whole otoliths.

Designer Fish

Students discover the adaptations that fish have to help them survive in a wide range of aquatic environments. Students use this knowledge to design their own fish according to different types of habitats.

It's Classified

Students will demonstrate the importance of classification and understand that living things can be grouped according to identified characteristics.

Welcome back Jack

Students will read the book Jinormous Jack by Josephine Barrymore and illustrated by Steve Dance, and explore the Ningaloo reef ecosystem and biology of whale sharks.

Manage a Fishery

Students will attempt to manage a sustainable fishery with pressures from increasing technology and fishing efficiency.

Sustainable Shores

Students will begin to comprehend the complex nature of coastal zone and aquatic resource management, identify conflicting activities and apply a sustainable approach to hypothetical and real life situations.

Planning a Safe Fishing Trip

Students will identify a range of risks associated with recreational fishing, implement strategies to reduce or exclude risks and develop a safe fishing plan for a future or hypothetical fishing excursion.

Home Sweet Home

Students will investigate the needs of marine organisms and the role they play in marine ecosystems through a ‘musical chairs’ style game and constructing a habitat diorama.

Estuarine Crocodiles

Students will identify the key features of estuarine crocodiles and recognise how these features enable them to survive and adapt to the aquatic environment of the Kimberley region in Western Australia.

What's a Fish

Students will learn about the features used to classify fish and compare them to features of other organisms. This lesson will focus closely on the external features of bony fish and how they help fish to survive underwater.

I've Got the Key

Students will learn what a dichotomous key is, why and how they are used, and attempt to create their own dichotomous keys.

SEE Food

Using the children’s book See Food, written by Guundie Kuchling, students will gain an understanding of how food chains, food webs and food pyramids work through illustrations and hands-on activities.

The Plankton Challenge

Students will construct a plankton model and simulate real life adaptations through using different types of materials. The aim is to construct a model that exhibits neutral buoyancy.

The Tide is High

Students will understand the forces that influence tides and the significance of the Lunar cycle. Students will interpret tidal movement by analysing tidal patterns and predicted tide tables.

Water Density

Students will explore the effect of salinity and temperature on water density and mixing of seawater, in the context of understanding how seawater is circulated in the ocean through currents.

Coriolis Effect

Students will understand the concept of the Coriolis Effect by attempting to draw a straight line on a rotating disc and apply this principle to understanding ocean gyres.

Acid Test

Students will investigate the phenomena of ocean acidification and test the effects of increasing acidity on shell-forming marine organisms.

Salty Seas

Students will explore the properties of seawater through dissolving salts and observing evaporation and freezing.

Getting Deeper

Students will explore the features and depth profile of the ocean floor through viewing bathymetry maps, diagrams and animations, culminating in the construction of a shoe box model of the ocean floor.

Oceans Divided

Students will interpret an atlas and explore the world’s oceans through mapping five oceans and other key features.

Life in the Mangroves

Through constructing a mangrove ecosystem storyboard, students will explore the function of mangrove ecosystems and how organisms depend on mangroves for food, shelter and lifecycle.

How Many Fish in the Sea?

Students will investigate methods that are used to estimate animal populations and acknowledge the need to consider variables and constraints that can affect the confidence of results and effectiveness of management.

Hook, Line and Sinker

Students will gain an understanding of the social amenity and economic benefits of recreational fishing to the community, and learn how to apply sustainable behaviours and attitudes when fishing and caring for the marine environment.  Students will also learn skills

Dissect a Fish

Students dissect a bony fish, identify the internal features and learn how these features enable the fish to survive.

Marine Connections

Students will investigate marine ecosystems by examining the structure of marine food chains and food webs for Shark Bay. Follow us on Facebook Fisheries Division Woodside Energy