Students will research and define the term marine debris, understand the consequences associated with plastics in the marine environment and develop practical solutions either at school or in the field to address the problem.
Students will learn how research on the Western rock lobster contributes to the management of the fishery.
Students will explore the management of recreational fisheries in Western Australia and interpret local rules and regulations using Fisheries’ resources.
Students will explore the diversity of Western Australia’s marine invertebrate animals.
This series of lessons is designed to complement the Sea Monkey Science activity run by the Department of Fisheries Community and Education Team. Students will learn about Artemia (also called brine shrimp or sea monkeys), their biology and why they
Students will learn about the different zones in the ocean and how organisms adapt to survive in these environments.
Students will study the most important marine habitats of Western Australia and their inhabitants.
Students will participate in a field excursion to investigate their local temperate or coral reef ecosystem.
Students will investigate the role seagrass meadows play in providing an important nearshore habitat for marine organisms. They will also identify risks to the integrity of seagrass communities and investigate improved management strategies.
Students will investigate the formation and biology of coral reefs and the diversity of life they support. Students will also understand threats to the health of coral reefs.
Students will learn about the rocky intertidal zone, the organisms that live there and the challenges they face to survive. The presentations 'Inhabiting the Intertidal' and 'The Intertidal Zone: a reef platform' relate to this lesson plan.
Students will investigate coastal erosion, what factors increase erosion and find possible solutions to coastal erosion. The presentation 'Examples of Coastal Erosion' is a related resource for this Lesson Plan.
Students will learn about their favourite marine creatures through pictures, photographs and real life samples of marine life found in Western Australian waters. Learning is reinforced through playing the bingo game to complete the lesson. The presentation 'Who am I?'
In this series of lessons, students will learn the composition of the Earth, tectonic plates, convection inside the Earth, mid-ocean ridges and seafloor spreading.
Students will study a reef platform, to identify organisms living on the platform, and provide reasoning as to their distribution.
Students will study the sustainability of the marine environment in an integrated literacy program, centred around the reading and comprehension of the books ‘Blueback’ and ‘The Deep’, written by Western Australian author Tim Winton.
In this series of lessons, students will read a variety of different articles that have been published in Western Fisheries and use this information to construct an exposition that encourages the protection of the marine environment.
Students learn about the importance of reproduction and explore how aquatic animals have a diverse range of reproductive strategies to increase the chances of survival for their species.
Students will use the book Sharing a Shell by Julia Donaldson to learn about rock pools and symbiotic relationships in the marine environment.
Students will understand how light affects the biology and ecology of marine life.
Students will use maps of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and analyse the percentage of the different areas within the map to the total protected area.
Students will identify significant introduced marine species and investigate the impact to marine ecosystems and human infrastructure, specifically to Western Australia.
Students discover the process where fish otoliths are extracted and analysed to determine the age of the fish. Students will practice ageing fish using photographs of black bream sectioned otoliths and Australian herring whole otoliths.
Students discover the adaptations that fish have to help them survive in a wide range of aquatic environments. Students use this knowledge to design their own fish according to different types of habitats.
Students will demonstrate the importance of classification and understand that living things can be grouped according to identified characteristics.
Students will read the book Jinormous Jack by Josephine Barrymore and illustrated by Steve Dance, and explore the Ningaloo reef ecosystem and biology of whale sharks.
Students will attempt to manage a sustainable fishery with pressures from increasing technology and fishing efficiency.
Students will begin to comprehend the complex nature of coastal zone and aquatic resource management, identify conflicting activities and apply a sustainable approach to hypothetical and real life situations.
Students will identify a range of risks associated with recreational fishing, implement strategies to reduce or exclude risks and develop a safe fishing plan for a future or hypothetical fishing excursion.
Students will investigate the needs of marine organisms and the role they play in marine ecosystems through a ‘musical chairs’ style game and constructing a habitat diorama.
Students will identify the key features of estuarine crocodiles and recognise how these features enable them to survive and adapt to the aquatic environment of the Kimberley region in Western Australia.
Students will learn about the features used to classify fish and compare them to features of other organisms. This lesson will focus closely on the external features of bony fish and how they help fish to survive underwater.
Students will learn what a dichotomous key is, why and how they are used, and attempt to create their own dichotomous keys.
Using the children’s book See Food, written by Guundie Kuchling, students will gain an understanding of how food chains, food webs and food pyramids work through illustrations and hands-on activities.
Students will construct a plankton model and simulate real life adaptations through using different types of materials. The aim is to construct a model that exhibits neutral buoyancy.
Students will understand the forces that influence tides and the significance of the Lunar cycle. Students will interpret tidal movement by analysing tidal patterns and predicted tide tables.
Students will explore the effect of salinity and temperature on water density and mixing of seawater, in the context of understanding how seawater is circulated in the ocean through currents.
Students will understand the concept of the Coriolis Effect by attempting to draw a straight line on a rotating disc and apply this principle to understanding ocean gyres.
Students will investigate the phenomena of ocean acidification and test the effects of increasing acidity on shell-forming marine organisms.
Students will explore the properties of seawater through dissolving salts and observing evaporation and freezing.
Students will explore the features and depth profile of the ocean floor through viewing bathymetry maps, diagrams and animations, culminating in the construction of a shoe box model of the ocean floor.
Students will interpret an atlas and explore the world’s oceans through mapping five oceans and other key features.
Through constructing a mangrove ecosystem storyboard, students will explore the function of mangrove ecosystems and how organisms depend on mangroves for food, shelter and lifecycle.
Students will investigate methods that are used to estimate animal populations and acknowledge the need to consider variables and constraints that can affect the confidence of results and effectiveness of management.
Students will gain an understanding of the social amenity and economic benefits of recreational fishing to the community, and learn how to apply sustainable behaviours and attitudes when fishing and caring for the marine environment. Students will also learn skills
Students dissect a bony fish, identify the internal features and learn how these features enable the fish to survive.
This resource is an interactive image created in Thinglink, illustrating both the external and internal anatomy of an Australian herring. When viewing the image, hover over the icons to reveal extra information, images and video.
Discover who eats who and the important relationships between the terrestrial and marine environments on Cocos (Keeling) Islands. The Food web poster also highlights how humans fit into the food chain and allows you to imagine what may happen if
Discover who eats who and the important relationships between the terrestrial and marine environments on Christmas Island. This Food web poster also highlights how humans fit into the food chain and allows you to imagine what may happen if we
It's the A-Z of ocean organisms in Western Australia! Please note - printed copies of this poster are not yet available.
The ‘marine heat wave’ that was observed off the coast of Western Australia in the summer of 2010/11, saw ocean waters around the mid-west coast rise more than 3°C above average. Learn more about this event from this poster.
Explore the internal anatomy of a bony fish in this interactive poster.
Explore the external anatomy of a bony fish in this interactive poster.
This poster explores the myriad of marine habitats found in Western Australia.
This poster features the Life Cycle of the Western Rock Lobster with images of egg and larval stages.
This poster shows the diversity of Western Australia's marine and coastal environments and the increasing number of activities that place growing pressure on the sustainability of our aquatic resources. Request a physical copy of this poster here.
A poster featuring the pathway of the Leeuwin current along the Western Australia coastline.
This poster features the life cycle of Barramundi with images of egg, larval and juvenile stages.
This poster highlights the impacts of oversupply of nutrients in estuaries.
Coral bleaching is the number one threat to reefs worldwide. In early 2010, a coral bleaching event occurred on Christmas Island for the first time in 15 years.
Barcheek coral trout are a long-lived and slow-growing fish found along the continental shelf between Ningaloo and the Northern Territory border. Since they inhabit inshore areas they are more vulnerable to overfishing and localised depletion than other coral trout species.
Cobbler (Cnidoglanis macrocephalus), or catfish as they’re known outside Western Australia, are ‘endemic’ to Australia, meaning they’re only found here. They live in the southern half of the country, in coastal and estuarine waters up to about 30 metres deep.
Dangerous migrants – marine species that are introduced into environments in which they do not occur naturally can become deadly pests and represent one of the greatest threats to the world's oceans and biodiversity. This fact sheet identifies some of
Barramundi are a highly opportunistic species that dominate many tropical rivers. Delicious and thrilling to catch, they also live in both freshwater and saltwater, change sex and eat just about anything. Barramundi support substantial commercial, recreational and customary fisheries, as
Tailor are one of the most popular recreational fishing species along the west coast of Western Australia. Learn more about what fisheries' scientists know of tailor from more than 15 years worth of data collection on this species.
In southern Australia, the western blue groper is actually the largest carnivorous bony fish species found living on reefs, reaching a length of up to 1.7 m and a weight of up to 40 kg. Learn more about the biology
With their goggling, oddly placed eyes and their whisker-like pectoral filaments, threadfins are one of the weirder looking Western Australian fish species. Find out more about the biology of these weird looking fish and the commercial fishery in this fact
The unusual-looking sawfish family are a type of ray and are therefore related to sharks. Found in both marine and freshwater, these predatory fish derive their name from their long snouts lined with sharp points. An identification and general information
Colourful and protected by a strong carapace, the western rock lobster is one of the family of 'spiny' lobsters - and the target of WA's largest and most valuable fishery. This fact sheet explores the basic biology of the western rock lobster.
Of the 370-plus shark species in the world, more than 100 species live in Western Australian waters. This fact sheet provides general information about the biology of sharks, protected species and their vulnerability to overfishing.
Pink snapper are one of Western Australia's best-known and most sought-after fish. This fact sheet provides information on the widely distributed Pink Snapper (Pagrus auratus) and their biology.
The common blowfish or 'blowie', is abundant in estuaries and coastal waters throughout south-west Western Australia. While the blowfish will never win a popularity contest, it has an important role in marine ecosystems. The blowie is native to WA and
Baldchin groper, affectionately known as 'baldies', are greatly prized for their high-quality white flesh. Found only in WA, they are powerful swimmers and quite capable of breaking a fishing line as they dive for cover among rocks and coral. This
A staple fish for recreational and commercial fisheries in the south of the State, Australian herring are a popular and abundant species with a lifecycle dependent on prevailing currents.
A fact sheet providing information on Western Australian dhufish (Glaucosoma hebracium), a fish species endemic to the southern part of Western Australia. Its great size and superb eating qualities make this fish a Western Australian fishing icon.
Marron are the largest freshwater crayfish in Western Australia and the third largest freshwater crayfish on Earth. Find out more about the biology of these freshwater species in this fact sheet.
What is bycatch? The accidental capture of unwanted or non-targeted fish or other animals. This fact sheet outlines what is bycatch and what the fishing industry is doing to reduce it through bycatch reduction devices and modified fishing equipment.
This fact sheet provides information about blue swimmer crabs (Portunus pelagicus), a tropical crustacean species found in Western Australia mainly between Karratha and Dunsborough. Also known as a blue manna crab, it is an important recreational and commerical fishing species.
Black bream is one of the most important recreational and commercial fish species in the estuaries of south-Western Australia. A 'true' estuarine species, black bream complete their whole lifecycle within an estuary and are reliant on healthy rivers and estuaries
From 1 February, 2013 new recreational fishing rules apply across the whole of Western Australia.
This ‘Catch care – tips for recreational fishers’ booklet includes lots of information about catching and preparing your fish.
Fisheries Occasional Publication No. 57, March 2009. Fred E. Wells, Justin I. McDonald and John M. Huisman
Western Fisheries article by Steve Ireland, November 2011, pg. 52-53
Western Fisheries article by Dr Jill St John, Summer 2003/04, pg. 43
Western Fisheries article by Ben Carlish, April 2010, pg. 48-51
This time a year ago, it seemed that good news awaited Western Asutralia's western rock lobster fishery. For the first time in eight years, climatic conditions were ideal for the strong recruitment of young lobster. But from August onwards, when
Most people interested in fishing in Western Australia know a fair bit about how we manage the stocks of western rock lobster, the fact that there is a 'season' for them, bag and size limits and that sort of thing.
Western Fisheries article by Michelle Dyer, December 2009, pg. 42-43
Western Fisheries article by Cathy Anderson, December 2009, pg. 6-11
Western Fisheries article by Cathy Anderson, September 2009, pg. 6-11
Until 10 or 15 years ago, deepwater species in Western Australia have escped the attention of recreational fishers. However, anglers armed with large boats and hi-tech fishing gear are pursuing several long-lived species like hapuku and bass groper. This article
Western Fisheries article by Marcia van Zeller , November 2007, pg. 26-29
Western Fisheries article by C. Amalfi, Dec 2006, pg. 46-47
Western Fisheries article by C. Anderson, Jul 2010, pg. 38-41. Every time the Western Australian Museum, the Australian Institute of Marine Research, the CSIRO, WA government scientists or any of our universities surveys WA’s northern waters, their findings reinforce the
Western Fisheries article, Dec 2006, pg. 28-31
Western Fisheries article by Loisette Marsh, Jan 2008, pg. 31-34
Western Fisheries article, Jan 2008, pg. 48-49
Western Fisheries article by C. Amalfi, Dec 2005, pg. 8-13
Western Fisheries article by S. Ireland, Apr 2010, pg. 29-35
Western Fisheries article by S. Ireland, Sept 2008, pg. 24-29
Humble though they may seem and occupying a low position in the marine food web, plankton are vital to the health not only of oceans, but also of the world’s atmospheric and terrestrial environments. Increasingly, plankton are also seen by
A Day in the Life of… Jan St Quintin and Lee Higgins, Osteo-Chronologists, Western Fisheries article by B. Carlish, Apr 2010, pg. 16-18
Driven by a love of the sea and fascination for its largest fish, the elusive whale shark, Australian naturalist Brad Norman has created a worldwide photo-identification system which enables ordinary people to assist in conserving Rhincodon typus. Story: Julian Cribb,
Western Fisheries article by C. Amalfi, Dec 2006, pg. 24-25
Western Fisheries article by R. Myers, Dec 2006, pg. 24
Fishing tales must be among the tallest and most entertaining in the world, but are no basis for a system of management. With the world’s oceans and fisheries under great environmental and commercial stress, having accurate data about the marine
Western Fisheries article by B. Carlish, Dec 2009, pg. 20-21
The urgency to understand and adapt to the Earth’s changing climate has caused an explosion in climate studies and collection of data about atmospheric and oceanic weather systems. Cathy Anderson reports on a new scientific study to better understand the
Western Fisheries article by M. van Zellar, Jan 2008, pg. 14-15
The Australian Coral Reef Society (ACRS) was established 83 years ago. Eloise Dortch attended its annual conference held in Fremantle and found some of its most eminent speakers wondered whether in the future, there would be any coral reefs left
Western Fisheries article by F. Wells, J. Keesing and T. Irvine, Jan 2008, pg. 40-41
Imagine somebody’s dream holiday, slowly sailing a small yacht through the Indonesian archipelago, taking time to anchor, swim and fish in remote bays. The yacht crosses to the north of Australia and gradually works its way down the Kimberley coast
A high percentage of fish caught commercially spend some time in mangroves or are dependent on food chains which can be traced back to mangroves. With mangrove cover decreasing worldwide, Carmelo Amalfi reports on the state of Western Australia’s mangal
Western Fisheries article by S. Ireland, Jul 2006, pg. 12-17
It is deeper and longer than the Grand Canyon. It attracts hundreds of hungry whales to the Western Australian coast each summer. And it is right off the coast of Perth, just west of Rottnest Island. Carmelo Amalfi delves into
Depending on the species, a fish’s skin can be quite stunning to behold – bright, shimmering and luminous. But just as with humans, fish skin is a large and complex organ, essential to survival. It may also hold the secret
The concept of ‘regional marine planning’ is relatively new. Australia is among the world leaders in embracing this concept and now it is coming to a coast near you. What is it and how can you get involved?, Western Fisheries
Around 15 years ago, numbers of pink snapper in the inner gulfs of Shark Bay were on the brink of collapse. The Department of Fisheries initiated a comprehensive and long-term research, education and management program that is still ongoing today,
It’s estimated that the world’s oceans, particularly the virtually unexplored depths, could hold tens of millions of undiscovered species. But with fewer and fewer taxonomists to analyse, describe and classify new species, we may never know the full extent of
Western Fisheries article by S. Ireland and M. de Graaf, Mar 2007, pg.12-17
Western Fisheries article by M, Van Zeller, Mar 2009, pg.15
or How Sea Wrack Plays a Vital Role in Raising Fish Seaweed and seagrass washed up on the beach may look unsightly and smell even worse, but they provide a nutritional haven for many marine species. Steve Ireland explains
In the first of two articles about fish health, advanced technologies for detecting disease that could infect entire fish populations were explained. In this, the second of the articles, Steve Ireland explores the parallels between the methods used to keep
Cathy Anderson discovers some astonishing facts about a substance many of us take for granted: sea water, Western Fisheries article by C. Anderson Mar 2009, pg. 50-55
Watch the flowers bloom around your home this spring, then imagine the same wonder of nature taking place underwater in fields of seagrasses within snorkelling distance of the Western Australian coast. The shallow coastal beds shared by other unique marine
Like human beings, fish are equipped with the senses of taste, touch, smell, hearing and sight – but they also have other ingenious ways of perceiving their watery world. Steve Ireland reports, Western Fisheries article by S. Ireland Nov 2006,
The West Coast Bioregion is home to a variety of fish species that live on or near the bottom of the ocean. These fish are termed ‘demersal’ species and include dhufish, pink snapper, baldchin groper, breaksea cod, blue morwong (queen
Fish in Western Australia’s south-western estuaries and nearshore areas have evolved to eat and thrive on the types of food that are naturally available to them – just like humans. However, as Steve Ireland discovers, they also share our ability
Western Fisheries article by M. Van Zeller Sept 2008, pg. 13
In the final of two articles on how marine species from other places made their homes in Western Australia, Steve Ireland looks at how marine invaders have turned up uninvited on our shores. Some have prospered, while others have disappeared
As with humans, the health of Western Australia’s South West estuaries and their fish populations is a balancing act – too much ‘food’ and all sorts of problems, such as algal blooms, can occur. Steve Ireland takes a look at
Significant technological advances in fishing equipment have made catching big fish easier and far more accessible for the vast majority of recreational anglers. But with more fishers better ‘armed’ than ever before, Ben Carlish looks at how this technology works
An activity designed to increase awareness of the aquatic environment zones (ecological suites) that different species inhabit in Western Australian waters.
Students will learn why fisheries scientists dissect fish and what information can be found from examining the external and internal structure of a fish. Students then carry out their own fish dissection, where they will get to extract the ear bones, or otoliths, from their fish. All data collected will contribute to true stock assessment data.
A Fisheries Activity 1. Overview Students will learn why fisheries scientists dissect fish and what information can be found from examining the external and internal structure of a fish. Students then carry out their own fish dissection, where they
Students will learn how fisheries scientists use plankton to estimate fish populations, egg production and determine the health of fisheries. Students will conduct their own plankton tow and learn to identify common plankton.
Build sandcastles with a difference – students will work in teams to build some popular marine creatures. They will learn about various body parts of the creature they build, and the functions of these parts. They will also learn about the local area where they are doing the activity and discuss some of the items they find washed up on the beach.
A Department of Fisheries activity that gives students an overview of the role that the Department of Fisheries plays in managing our aquatic natural resources. Students will try their hand at ‘dry fishing’ with their own handline to observe the effects of fishing pressure on our fish stocks, and how management and science plays an important role in conserving them.
Referred to as the Indian Ocean Territories (IOTs), the remote location of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands is the key to their unique and spectacular marine biodiversity.
At 5,500 kilometres, the Leeuwin Current is the world's longest continuous coastal or boundary current.
Learn all about Artemia more commonly known as sea monkeys. This presentation accompanies the Amazing Artemia Lesson Plan.
Explore the range of marine habitats found in Western Australia. This presentation is a resource related to the "Who Lives Where?" Lesson Plan.
Learn about the different types of corals and the organisms inhabiting coral reef environments.
Explore examples of coastal erosion worldwide. This presentation is a resource related to the 'Exposing Erosion' Lesson Plan.
Learn about the organisms that inhabit our intertidal rocky shores. This presentation is a resource related to the 'Inhabiting Intertidal Rocky Shores' and 'Excursion: Intertidal Investigation' lesson plans.
Explore the zones of the intertidal zone and learn about the challenges that organisms inhabiting this environment face. This presentation is a resource related to the 'Inhabiting Intertidal Rocky Shores' and 'Excursion: Intertidal Investigation' lesson plans.
View photos of oganisms encountered in the game Ocean Bingo. This presentation is a resource related to the 'Ocean Bingo' Lesson Plan.
View slides of whole Australian herring otoliths to determine the age of each fish. This presentation is a resource related to the 'What's My Age Again?' Lesson Plan.
View sectioned slides of Black bream otoliths to determine the age of each fish. This presentation is a resource related to the 'What's My Age Again?' Lesson Plan.
This PowerPoint presentation illustrates the impact that plastic has on the marine environment. This is a related resource to the Un-fantastic Plastic lesson plan.
This PowerPoint presentation illustrates the various marine environment from above and below. This is a related resource to the Home Sweet Home lesson plan.
Sea urchins are covered with spines, which help them to move around, as well as protect them from predators. The spines break off when the urchin dies and the empty tests wash up on the beach. In this game, drag
Often mistaken for plants, sponges are actually animals! In this game, drag the labels to their correct position and learn more about these simple animals.
Snails belong to a group of organisms called gastropods, meaning stomach-foot animals. In this game, drag the labels to their correct position and learn more about these animals.
Sea anemones belong to a group of animals called anthozoans, meaning 'flower animals'. They have mouths surrounded by one or more rows of tentacles. In this game, correctly label the sea anemone and discover more about this pretty animal.
Did you know... the structures we call ‘corals’ are actually made up of thousands of tiny invertebrate animals called polyps and their external calcium carbonate skeletons! In this game, drag the labels of the coral polyp to their correct position